At present, the overall global economy relies heavily on electricity. It is evident in the consumption of electricity in residential, commercial, and business establishments. This dependence on electricity helps individuals perform their daily chores and tasks in the homes, in schools, and in their offices.
The numerous household appliances that use electricity is proof enough of how the public will suffer if there are unexpected circumstances like a power failure. The inconvenience that people will experience is also applicable to commercial establishments and businesses. Operations will suffer if there is a power failure.
Responsibility of Power Companies
The players in the electrical industry have to distribute the power supply to their consumers through a power grid. The distribution network needs it to provide electricity through a system where the power generation, distribution, and transmission are existing.
In essence, the reliance of an entity on a power company is massive. Thus, the power industry has an enormous responsibility. Furthermore, safety is a concern. A power distributor must ensure that the electricity provided to businesses and residences is safe.
The generation of electricity occurs in a station within the grid through combustible fuels like coal, natural gas, or biomass. The station can also use non-combustible fuel like wind, solar, or hydro energy. Power companies must be able to generate and distribute electricity efficiently and productively. They must ensure that energy is flowing safely and economically.
After creating electrical energy, the transmission lines carry it to the different demand centers. To reduce the voltage, the transformers used to regulate it and distribute the electricity to different households and establishments.
Trends in the Electrical Industry
Residual Current Device (RCD) Testing
A residual current device has a test button that allows users to test its performance occasionally. But, this functionality is untapped because users lack awareness. Moreover, RCD is inaccessible. Testing is also difficult because protected circuits will have no electricity. There may even be a need to reset equipment like clocks, recording equipment, TVs, etc.
Aside from self-testing, the residual current device can signify its end of life if it fails. Self-testing RCDs can execute self-tests every few seconds. Failure in self-tests will notify the user in different ways like automatic tripping of the device, the lighting of a LED, the activation of the alarm, or a combination of these methodologies.
RCD Technology and Electric Vehicles
In recent years, electric vehicles bring about new technology demands to provide effective solutions to new problems. They are extremely safe, but users assume some risks.
For example, charging the electric vehicles involves the link of a cable to provide power to the charging system. The user may experience inherent risks of electric shock. Thus, it is important that the charging process safeguards the user from these risks.
Less obvious potential hazards include the danger of touching accidentally the high voltages within the electric vehicles. Although the risk is very low, international standards and manufacturers are responsible for the safety of users from risks of electric shocks.