A Helpful Guide on Electrician Courses

These days, everything runs on electricity. Which is why the job of the electrician is an important, significant one. Electricians are responsible for maintaining safety not only for the house or building, but he also makes the public safe. If you want to become an electrician, you need to acquaint yourself first with important facts on electrician courses.

Training Grounds for Electricians

Electrician at work with his instrument of measurement

Electricians are skilled enough to produce wire diagrams for houses or commercial establishments. They are experts when it comes to linking power and electricity for individuals who require them. Electricians also guarantee that the circuits are safe and that the wires are functioning or connected properly. They also make sure that buildings and houses are safe from electrical interference.

Before an electrician acquires an internship, they should have a GED or a high school diploma. Attending a 2-year degree program is also a must if you want to work as a professional electrician. Following the apprenticeship, the electrician can become a journeyman electrician who is qualified for a state exam and get to work without supervision. Majority of colleges, schools and learning institutes provide these courses.

  • Electrical technology and Engineering education

The job of an electrical technician and engineer is to create, administer and fix electrical utilities for advanced technologies. This course can lead to careers as an electrical engineer, electronic engineer, controls engineer and electrical technician.

  • Electrician training

This type of training prepares would-be electricians for jobs as electrical technician, electrical engineer, semiconductor technician and power system electrician.

  • Applied electrical technology

Students from this course can get to now electrical theories. They will become accustomed to terms like conductor properties, cutting, conduit bending, wiring methods and threading. Furthermore, they will also learn about log controllers which can be programmed plus its applications and motor control circuits.

  • Electric Mechanic

This course teaches students all about the essentials of electrical theory, wiring method, and the National Electrical Code. Students will also get to work on specific circuits and units like lighting fixtures, AC circuits, and voltage drop estimations. Methods in wiring homes, pools and commercial establishments will also be learned and reviewed.

This course teaches students to branch circuits which span emergency systems, heating, air conditioning, motor, and appliances.

Being an electrician is not an easy task. It requires individuals to have excellent hand-eye dexterity, plenty of patience, good critical thinking capacities, balance and great focus on detail. Procedures for repairs, maintenance, setting up electrical systems and troubleshooting wiring and various systems are very meticulous and require good concentration on the electrician’s part.

Despite the hard work and hazards related to the job, being an electrician, after all, is an important job. We need electricity these days and electricians are the ones who can fix problems associated with it. The systems they help install make houses and buildings safer. The safety measures can be learned in the course mentioned above. Safety of the electrician is a priority that they should never overlook.

Therefore, if you want to become one, have the drive for it and pursue your dreams. It is an honorable, crucial job pays well and serves the public generously.

  

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Becoming a Qualified Electrician

To become a qualified electrician who gets to earn great profits, you need to put on some elbow grease and exert effort. Becoming a master electrician or electric contractor can take approximately 6-8 years based on where you live and the area’s licensing stipulations.

Requirements for the Course

Regardless of the area you reside in, would-be electricians need to undertake a specified amount of time in electrician courses. In addition, they have to allot a particular amount of time operating in the electrical industry prior to taking a state test for the master electrician job. To become one, you need to take several steps.

Firstly, you need to become an apprentice electrician. This means acquiring sufficient hours as an apprentice and accomplishing the needed quantity of electrician courses. After you have completed those requirements, you will be qualified to take the journeyman electrician examination. As soon as you acquire a journeyman license, you will then be required to take extra number of hours operating in your field before you are qualified to take the master electrician or electrical contractor license examination.

Top-Earning Electricians

If you want to gain plenty of profit, master electricians and electrical contractors are the highest paid in the field. These electricians have advanced by means of a needed amount of steps prior to reaching the top of the industry’s ladder. They worked hard to attain that position and coveted pay.

Every state comes with a variety of requirements before an electrician becomes a master electrician or electrical contractor. He has to begin as an apprentice and operate in that position for a specified period and take in a certain amount of credit hours in electrician courses before he gets qualified to become a journeyman electrician.

People who pass the exam for journeyman electrician should carry on working in the field with another specified period of hours before they can take the master electrician or electrical contractor license exam. The procedure can take roughly 6 to 8 years before the person can become an electrical contractor or master electrician. Due to the extended period of time a person undergoes to become a top electrician in the field, it is understood why they get to earn the big bucks.

Companies who have solid work ethics provide excellent electrician salaries and perks o draw in the best in the field and make their staff of electricians satisfied with working for the company. The demand for electricians these days are rising continuously. There are even forecasts form government organizations like the US Bureau of Labor Statistics who expect that the growth in jobs for the electrical industry will continue to go higher.

The perks that these companies offer range from dental plans, medical insurance down to retirement plans. Smart companies also know that with such high demand of electricians, they have to be aggressive when it comes to the offers and perks they want to give to their electricians, or else they will lose their best electricians to other firms. For these lucky individuals, these excellent job extras accumulate and allow them to be financially stable at all times.

 

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Tools Every Electrician Should Own

Electricians, because of the nature of their work, need to have tools that will help them accomplish difficult procedures. Here are some equipment that every electrician should have.

  1. Flashlight

This device is a crucial tool even if the electrician is working in a location where flashlights are not necessarily required. It is good to have it on hand since there are specific situations where the user might need extra lighting to focus on the job. Pipes, conduits, wire boxes, outlets, and sockets often have darker interiors so a flashlight might come in handy when inspecting such components.

Electricians must not operate within small areas or just get hold of panels without correct lighting. There are flashlights available that are durable, sturdy yet lightweight and will supply sufficiently bright beams of lights perfect for those situations.

  1. Voltmeter

The voltmeter is another example of a helpful tool for electricians. This is a device that is capable of mearing the possible electrical variances between 2 points within an electric conduit. A good electrician will never presume the circuit that requires being operated on does not contain electricity circulating throughout. With the help of a voltmeter, the user can test out circuits and check if the circuits are live. The electrician can then correctly tackle the circuits and set up a good path to make the needed repairs depending on the voltmeter’s readings.

  1. Wire stripper

A quality pair of wire strippers is an essential piece in an electrician’s toolbox. Wire strippers are handheld devices that are small and has the same appearance as a scissor. It is employed to cut unbound insulation that wraps the wire without really cutting the cord. As soon as the insulation is taken away, leaving the wire exposed, the electrician can then link the wires to components like conductors, switches or any item that needs to operate through electrical circuits.

  1. Pliers

Pliers have several functions for electricians. It can be utilized for loosening or tightening, gives additional grip for users, can cut be used to cut wires, can be used to draw wires through correct areas, twist wires and more. Thus, this is something that electricians need to have on hand.

  1. Draw tape

Also known in the industry as fish tape, the draw tape is an equipment that electricians would employ to steer the guide strong for new wires by means of pipes, conduits or walls. It is a lengthy, slim band of medium carbon steel that is coiled and positioned on a reel. Due to its composition, it can adapt to the curves of a good range of conduits.

The draw tape functions by fastening an end of the guide string to the end of the tape. The tape is then driven through the conduit with the guide string fastened. As soon as the tape comes across the conduit’s end, the wires are then secured to the opposite end of the string. The electrician then pulls the string and route the wire through the conduit’s end.

Electricians can own a big number of devices required to accomplish projects through the years. The tools mentioned in this article are some of the essentials that electricians should focus on.

 

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Facts You Need to Know About Electricians

Electricians are needed in every country due to the procedures they perform. They serve to keep homes and commercial establishments safe. People who want to become one must be prepared to follow standards and safety regulations produced by agencies to protect property and the public further. Also, these people also need to have a broad understanding of an electrician’s basic responsibilities.

What Does an Electrician Do?

An electrician gives repair services to houses and homes. He can perform electrics-related work like assembling fuses and maintaining them, work on electrical outlets and other segments engaged in the circulation of electricity. The electrician should be capable of reviewing blueprints and voice, video and data maintenance.

Companies always seek the assistance of an electrician to accomplish the installation of electrical devices. The electrician might make use of tools like drills, saws and hand tools like screwdrivers, pliers and wire strippers to get the job done.

 

Hazards Involved in the Job

As the name implies, electricians work with electricity-related factors. The job can be dangerous if the electricity cannot be managed and handled correctly. The most life-threatening hazard that an electrician should steer clear of is electrocution. Other dangers include falls from ascending ladders and scaffolds or injuries acquired from working with sharp devices like saws.

Electricians are required to follow safety regulations involved with electrical projects. He is also accountable for maintaining safety for the public by keeping track of codes or standards that have been created for electricity and electrical devices. It is required that electricians keep track of local, state and national standards.

 

Kinds of Electricians

There are three major kinds of electricians—they are factory, construction and maintenance electricians. Typically, an electrician focuses on a single foremost area. However, there are also professionals who tackle jobs for both factory and maintenance areas.

Maintenance electricians cover wiring repairs, replacements, and inspections. Their duties include looking for malfunctions in electrical systems, changing damaged wires and other parts like breaker boxes, electrical outlets, and light switches.

Construction electricians meanwhile assemble wiring systems to a new property like houses, business establishments, and factories. These electricians can install breaker boxes, electrical sockets and other types of electrical setups.

Factory electricians give solutions, mount and perform maintenance jobs on electrical generators, machinery controls, industrial robots, and motors.

 

Requirements to Become One

Majority of areas and states require electricians with a license. To acquire this license, they need to pass an exam and which assess local build and electrical codes, national electrical codes, and expertise in electrical concepts. The electrician should also bear excellent hand and eye coordination and proper manual skills. He must have a great sense of balance too. The electrician must be capable of knowing wires by means of color so he should have excellent color vision.

In order to become a skilled, professional electrician, the person should have troubleshooting capabilities that will allow them to discover the primary cause of electrical issues and what solutions will help fix it. To further assist the electrician in analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of possible fixes, he should have good critical thinking capabilities as well.

 

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What Electricians Typically Do

Electricians perform important jobs. Without them, we would not know if those installations have been done properly. Furthermore, the job of electricians is to make daily work convenient for all of us. Electricians usually tackle residential and commercial jobs. They tackle all work related to electricity. They are here to manage repairs, installations and various maintenance jobs.

The Significance of Electrician and Their Jobs

Whenever a new building is erected, the job of the electrician is always an essential part of it. Electricians are hired to create a blueprint which will indicate where all of the wiring needs to go. They are going to position items called conduits within the walls. These conduits will help support electrical wiring which will supply electricity by means of plug sockets and power outlets.

If AC and heating systems are needed in the building, electricians need to mount proper wiring’s required for such installations. Lighting and circuits needed for stoves also need to be done by qualified electricians. As soon as a building is completed, electricians will then mount plug sockets and power outlets in it. These components will give the electricity all of your appliances and electrical devices need.

The electrician trade presents a variety of specifications. There are electricians who specialize in wiring newly-erected commercial and residential buildings. There are also other who are hired to maintain complicated electrical voltage meters and breaker boxes. Several electrical contractors also specialize in repairs and maintenance—they can be hired to repair light sockets, tripping fuses, electric stoves and vice versa. There are electricians who go on a contract to do work for companies and maintain desktop computers and other electrical items. Electricians also get work done in factories to repair equipment and maintain them.

Plenty of electricians do freelance work and they specialize in their area of proficiency. There are electrician companies though who provide a selection of services. Majority of companies will take in all electrical requirements and fields of expertise. It is important that a qualified electrician operates on the erection of a house or building.

Electricity carries plenty of huge risks thus electricians study and train for several years perfecting their craft. They undertake apprenticeships to guarantee that they are safe and they know what they are applying and performing. More often than not, in an attempt to save up on expenses, people try to repair electrical problems by themselves. However, this can lead to damaging results since the wiring for example can be damaged and because of this, injuries can be had. Electricians are trained to safely tackle such problems so if you have issues with electricity at home, better get in touch with a qualified electrician ASAP.

The job of an electrician can be pretty complex hence the heavy training. They need to have excellent hand and eye coordination. They make use of a selection of power tools like hacksaws and drills. Electricians deal with projects for extended periods of time and the areas they work on can be awkward and inconvenient. The job they handle obligates complete focus and patience. In addition, these working hours are not totally complimentary and at times electricians need to do overtime or work early in the morning or even weekends.

Now it is easier to understand why the job of electricians are essential in our society. They have jobs that are truly specialized and important in giving energy to residential and commercial areas.

 

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Top Energy-Consuming Appliances in Our Homes

One of the wealthiest men in the world, Warren Buffett, believes that “every extra dollar spent on something one doesn’t need is wasted capital.” Even in our own homes, we are wasting capital through our uneconomical use of electricity. How? In America alone, total electricity used by households is the third largest consumer of energy in the country. A typical American home uses a number of the most energy-hungry appliances each day. Some of the most common ones are listed below.

Heating and Cooling Appliances

Heating appliances include room heaters, water heaters, irons, microwaves, hair dryers, garment steamers, and the like. It takes a lot of energy to produce heat. That is why these appliances carry very high wattages in their labels. On the other side of the thermometer are devices that provide cooling such as air conditioners, refrigerators, freezers, and other similar devices. These appliances consume even more electricity when they are in areas that have high temperatures. For instance, using air conditioners during summer consume greater energy than when using them in less tortuous months. Energy consumption from heating and cooling appliances comprises a whopping 47% of your total household electricity use.

 

Washers and Dryers

The electricity American households use to power their washers and dryers add up to an average of 13% of total energy consumption. That’s a lot of energy! Between washers and dryers, the latter use more electricity than the former. To conserve energy, consider hanging your garments to dry outdoors especially when the weather permits. Switch to more energy-efficient models of washing and drying devices which bring you cost savings in the long run.

Lighting Devices

Did you know that in America, total energy consumption from household lighting constitutes 12% of total electricity use? Although LED light bulbs are now readily available and affordable, there still are residences powered by inefficient lighting such as incandescent bulbs and halogen lighting.

Vampire” Appliances

Vampire appliances are devices in the home that consume electricity even when they are switched off. The most common ones are computers, printers, DVDs/VCRs, digital cable boxes, satellite DVRs, routers and modems, gaming consoles, answering machines, televisions, and microwaves. We often leave these devices plugged, thinking that they stop consuming electricity as soon as they are switched off, but this is far from the truth. To remedy this situation, we can use a power strip to plug several gadgets in a common area. This way, we can just flip one switch to terminate electrical supply to all those devices at once. Moreover, we can also purchase appliances that indicate a low standby power usage. Another option is to search for Energy Star compliant devices which are purposefully designed to be less reliant on standby power.

We have to do what we can to make this world a livable place for the generations that will follow. Perhaps we can do our part by conserving energy consumption. It is hoped that the information above can move you to be more mindful of your household’s energy utilization.

 

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Three Simple Safety Practices When Dealing with Electricity

Electricity is used across the globe to supply power to equipment and machinery as well as big and small household appliances. It is currently the world’s number one source of power and all of us rely on it for our day to day living.

However, there are still places, mostly in very remote areas, that are still not reached by electricity. Either this or people prefer not to use electricity for various reasons, such as fear of causing a fire or being electrocuted.

In normal situations, we cannot see and hear electricity. Most of the time, this only happens when a high amount of voltage is present or a foreign object came in contact with it, so it produces a large spark or a huge flare of lights accompanied by a loud buzzing sound.

When this occurs, there can possibly be a huge amount of damage either to property or to people. To avoid accidents, here are three simple safety practices but can save lives and prevent damage to properties when dealing with electricity.

 

Practice using the right hand when touching or holding electrical wires or plugs

 

We hold electrical wires or plugs of appliances without thinking about possibilities of being electrocuted. Our left hand has the veins that are directly connected to our heart, and electricity travels faster through our veins.

In short, when accidents happen that involves us getting in contact with an excessive amount of electricity, our veins serve as the bridge for the electric flow. It is always safe to use our right hand so that in case we get electrocuted, excessive electricity will not directly reach the heart and severe damage can be avoided.

Always make sure your hands are dry before touching or holding any electrical

Fatal accidents that involve washing machines were reported not just a few forgettable times. This is another practice that we usually take for granted, too. We should always bear in mind that the best conductor of electricity is water. That means electricity easily spreads in an instant through water or things that are wet.

Although a washing machine is made for washing clothes and is naturally wet the whole time during its operation, there are specific parts of it that should not be submerged in water. And of course, we should always remember to wipe our hands dry before plugging the cord into a power outlet.

Electrical devices should be turned off during a thunderstorm  

This may sound very old school to the point that it seems to be a myth already, but this is a hundred percent true. It is definitely recommended to switch off electrical devices during a thunderstorm since a single shot of lightning produces an extremely high voltage of electricity.

During a thunderstorm, lightning can strike an electrical pole and travel to your household through its wires, and if you happen to be watching your favorite show on TV and is unluckily situated near the appliance, it can get you electrocuted, which is what happened to me. It’s better to be safe than sorry. Turn off all electrical appliances and let the thunderstorm pass before turning them on again.

 

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The State of the Electrical Industry

At present, the overall global economy relies heavily on electricity. It is evident in the consumption of electricity in residential, commercial, and business establishments. This dependence on electricity helps individuals perform their daily chores and tasks in the homes, in schools, and in their offices.

The numerous household appliances that use electricity is proof enough of how the public will suffer if there are unexpected circumstances like a power failure. The inconvenience that people will experience is also applicable to commercial establishments and businesses. Operations will suffer if there is a power failure.

Responsibility of Power Companies

The players in the electrical industry have to distribute the power supply to their consumers through a power grid. The distribution network needs it to provide electricity through a system where the power generation, distribution, and transmission are existing.

In essence, the reliance of an entity on a power company is massive. Thus, the power industry has an enormous responsibility. Furthermore, safety is a concern. A power distributor must ensure that the electricity provided to businesses and residences is safe.

The generation of electricity occurs in a station within the grid through combustible fuels like coal, natural gas, or biomass. The station can also use non-combustible fuel like wind, solar, or hydro energy. Power companies must be able to generate and distribute electricity efficiently and productively. They must ensure that energy is flowing safely and economically.

After creating electrical energy, the transmission lines carry it to the different demand centers. To reduce the voltage, the transformers used to regulate it and distribute the electricity to different households and establishments.

Trends in the Electrical Industry

Residual Current Device (RCD) Testing

A residual current device has a test button that allows users to test its performance occasionally. But, this functionality is untapped because users lack awareness. Moreover, RCD  is inaccessible. Testing is also difficult because protected circuits will have no electricity. There may even be a need to reset equipment like clocks, recording equipment, TVs, etc.

Self-Testing RCD

Aside from self-testing, the residual current device can signify its end of life if it fails. Self-testing RCDs can execute self-tests every few seconds. Failure in self-tests will notify the user in different ways like automatic tripping of the device, the lighting of a LED, the activation of the alarm, or a combination of these methodologies.

RCD Technology and Electric Vehicles

In recent years, electric vehicles bring about new technology demands to provide effective solutions to new problems. They are extremely safe, but users assume some risks.

For example, charging the electric vehicles involves the link of a cable to provide power to the charging system. The user may experience inherent risks of electric shock. Thus, it is important that the charging process safeguards the user from these risks.

Less obvious potential hazards include the danger of touching accidentally the high voltages within the electric vehicles. Although the risk is very low, international standards and manufacturers are responsible for the safety of users from risks of electric shocks.

 

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The Future of the Electrical Industry

Over the past nine decades of the electrical industry, you may notice that the market is not so impassive and unadaptable. New demands, new techniques, and new technologies continue to disturb the industry.

Smart Grids

The electrical grid in many countries will see an upgrade and outfitting with enhanced control and communication technologies. Distributors can gain extraordinary profits from this investment, but industrial, residential, and commercial markets will experience significant results also.

Competitors with networking companies become new players. Aside from the installation of smart grids, utility companies will upgrade their training and development systems, and change their hardware for power to flow across the grid in different ways. They will invest in different equipment utility distributors.

Traditional distributors will have new products that reinforce the demand response programs of the utilities. Such programs include smart metering and control systems that are beginning to make their way to the industrial, commercial and residential markets. The products are important in allowing individual electrical loads to connect with utilities so that the latter can improve the overall load on the distribution grids.

Radical Lighting

Recent radical advances provide a hint on the future of solid-state lighting. Organic light-emitting diode (OLED) is an important focus of the research and development at universities and lamp companies. It is slowly creeping into the market through ultra-thin TVs, cameras, and cellular phone displays.

At present, the technology faces two important challenges: its composition and cost. The organic light-emitting diode is composed of an alloy indium tin oxide. Indium is expensive, rare, and not recyclable. Researchers have suggested the use of light-emitting electrochemical cell, which is inexpensive and consists of carbon material graphene.

Quantum dot is another technology that shows promise. It is a minute crystal made by combining cadmium, sulfur, zinc, and selenium. It emits light of different colors, depending on the material used and the dot size. A few companies are using quantum dots to convert blue LEDs to a more natural and warmer light.

Electric Vehicles

Different proposals in handling charging of electric vehicles are in progress. But, it may take some time before a single technology can satisfy the demand. Homes need to make an enormous service upgrade to charge these electric vehicles.

Service stations need power handling capabilities similar to a substation level. Also, they may use wind and solar generation technology. Manufacturers have already announced initiatives to tap this emerging market.

Go Green

Distributors of electrical power face demand from consumers to provide proof of their green commitment. Companies and associations made recent announcements about documenting the supply chains’ environmental impact.

A strategic plan called for voluntary industry initiatives to lessen greenhouse emissions. A survey conducted revealed that only 48 of the 240 industry suppliers have means to measure greenhouse gas emission, and these suppliers have developed voluntary goals to take steps in reducing their emissions.

Major consumer groups demand distributors to take a proactive step in investigating the generation of carbon and the consumption of water and energy to develop a plan to lessen these factors over time.

 

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Some Ways You Can Conserve Energy

Electricity is very important to us. Just like food and water, electricity is used on a day to day basis. As the entire world uses energy in excesses, shortages and scarcity are looming to happen. It is, therefore, our duty as consumers to not only pay our bills but to likewise make sure that we’re preserving electricity when we can.

         

Here are two ways you can save power at home:

  1. Limit light use

If it’s the morning or afternoon, try to accustom yourself to using little or no lights as long as there’s a source of natural light streaming through windows and doors. Attics and basements are obviously exceptions but restrooms, bedrooms, kitchens and living rooms aren’t.

Also, there’s one thing people forget to turn off: outside lights. At night, as an added safety feature, we turn certain lights on especially over doors and porches. However, when daytime arrives, we forget to switch these lights off, leaving them wasting electricity all day.

  1. Unplug gadgets and appliances

Use extension wires for gadget and appliance choke points so you can simply yank one cord off before leaving that area at any point of the day. Even when they’re not running, plugged in appliances contribute to a fraction of our monthly bills. Not only is it a waste of money but electricity as well.

The two seasons we tend to abuse electricity is during summer and winter. Setting the house to an ambient temperature takes a lot of appliances running that it seems avoiding a hefty power bill is nothing but a dream.

Here are three suggestions for each of these seasons that could help you conserve electricity.

 

Summertime alternatives to stay cool:

  1. Take a cool shower during the afternoons. This helps your body cool down and take off that sticky summer feel.
  2. Open windows or stay in the ventilated areas of your house. This lets the breeze come in and help you to cool yourself down.
  3. Drink plenty of water and make use of ice. This helps you cool your body down and complete that eight glasses a day healthy habit.

Wintertime alternatives to stay warm:

  1. Wear wool socks and sweaters to keep warm. Those Christmas sweaters aren’t just there for the festivities after all. This allows you to keep warm, allowing you to lower the thermostat to a few degrees during the winter.
  2. If you have radiators, line the inside of the exterior wall with tinfoil. This will help keep you warm by reflecting some of the heat back into the house.
  3. If you have a chimney or fireplace, either use it or block it. Not blocking unused chimneys sucks the heat right out of your home and makes it a lot harder to keep things warm, so if you don’t use your chimney, it’s better to block it up with fireplace insulation.

There are lots of other ways you can employ to conserve energy. These are some of the more obvious ones but tend to be overlooked a lot. Electricity use is intentional. Unless you want to, you won’t be able to save energy unless you really intend to.

 

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